Poet, novelist and essayist from Martinique. He was born in Sainte-Marie, Martinique, on September 21, 1928 and died in Paris on February 3, 2011.
He created the theories of Relation and Creolization as well as the concepts of Antillanidad and Tout-Monde. His poetic thought sought to dismantle the ideas about slavery and colonialism, promoting the solidarity of peoples and the respect for diversity, which he complemented with an intense cultural activism. As a result, it was one of the most influential figures of the Caribbean, enjoying a growing recognition both in France and worldwide. He was a distinguished professor of French literature at the City University of New York and directed the Institut du Tout-Monde, founded by his initiative in Paris in 2007.